How to use the GOOGLEFINANCE Function in Google Sheets

Along with Yahoo Finance, Google finance has become one of the most important online resources to access stock news and data.

What is the GoogleFinance function?

The GoogleFinance function is a function included in Google Sheets is a way for all types of investors to get stock and currency data right on Google Sheets for analysis.

With this function, obtaining historical information such as open, close, high, volume, and real-time metrics like market capitalization, price to earnings ratio (PE), change, and earnings per share (EPS) on Google sheets is simple.

The GoogleFinance function has two primary uses for individual investors; tracking your investment portfolio and analyzing potential stocks to invest in.

Why is the GoogleFinance function useful?

The GoogleFinance function is helpful for investors because in order to track stocks and other securities properly, being able to get stock data is very important. Without the help of GoogleFinance and Wisesheets (more on this later), investors have to resort to wasting a lot of time manually copy-pasting this data from multiple sources on their spreadsheet.

Oftentimes finding a good security to invest in takes analyzing 10's (maybe 100's) of companies before finding an investment opportunity. If it takes a long time to get the data for each of those companies, it becomes really difficult to do all this work over and over. Instead, with the right tools, you can simply get all the stock and currency data you need immediately and make good investment decisions a lot faster.

How to use GoogleFinance function in Google Sheets?

The way to use the GoogleFinance function in Google Sheets is very simple. All you need to do is enter =GOOGLEFINANCE() and in those brackets, you have the option to enter a ticker, a metric, and the start and end date for that metric.

Let’s break each of those components one by one.

Ticker (mandatory)

In the stock market, the ticker is the unique abbreviation used to identify a stock/security that is publicly traded. The ticker in the GoogleFinance function includes all stocks in the following exchanges and currencies.

RegionExchange CodeDescriptionDelay (minutes)
AmericasBCBABuenos Aires Stock Exchange20
BMVMexican Stock Exchange20
BVMFB3 – Brazil Stock Exchange and Over-the-Counter Market15
CNSXCanadian Securities ExchangeRealtime
CVEToronto TSX Ventures Exchange15
NASDAQNASDAQ Last SaleRealtime *
NYSENYSERealtime *
NYSEARCANYSE ARCARealtime *
NYSEAMERICANNYSE AmericanRealtime *
OPRAOptions Price Reporting Authority15
OTCBBFINRA OTC Bulletin Board15
OTCMKTSFINRA Other OTC Issues15
TSEToronto Stock Exchange15
TSXToronto Stock Exchange15
TSXVToronto TSX Ventures Exchange15
EuropeAMSEuronext Amsterdam15
BITBorsa Italiana Milan Stock ExchangeRealtime
BMEBolsas y Mercados Españoles15
CPHNASDAQ OMX CopenhagenRealtime
EBREuronext Brussels15
ELIEuronext Lisbon15
EPAEuronext Paris15
ETRDeutsche Börse XETRA15
FRADeutsche Börse Frankfurt Stock ExchangeRealtime
HELNASDAQ OMX HelsinkiRealtime
ICENASDAQ OMX IcelandRealtime
ISTBorsa Istanbul15
LONLondon Stock ExchangeRealtime
MCXMoscow ExchangeRealtime
RSENASDAQ OMX RigaRealtime
STONASDAQ OMX StockholmRealtime
SWX, VTXSIX Swiss Exchange15
TALNASDAQ OMX TallinnRealtime
VIEVienna Stock Exchange15
VSENASDAQ OMX VilniusRealtime
WSEWarsaw Stock Exchange15
AfricaJSEJohannesburg Stock Exchange15
Middle EastTADAWULSaudi Stock Exchange15
TLVTel Aviv Stock Exchange20
AsiaBKKThailand Stock Exchange15
BOMBombay Stock Exchange LimitedRealtime
KLSEBursa Malaysia15
HKGHong Kong Stock Exchange15
IDXIndonesia Stock Exchange10
KOSDAQKOSDAQ20
KRXKorea Stock Exchange20
NSENational Stock Exchange of IndiaRealtime
SGXSingapore ExchangeRealtime
SHAShanghai Stock Exchange1
SHEShenzhen Stock ExchangeRealtime
TPETaiwan Stock ExchangeRealtime
TYOTokyo Stock Exchange20
South PacificASXAustralian Securities Exchange20
NZENew Zealand Stock Exchange20
Google Finance Stock Exchanges Covered

Metric (optional if not entered real-time price is the default)

A metric refers to different metrics that Google considers important about stocks. There are two types of metrics: real-time and historical. The first refers to data which is constantly updating (stock price) whereas the second refers to data from the past (the close price for the last 100 days).

Here is the list of the covered historical and real-time metrics:

Historical metricDescription
“open”Price at market open.
“close”Price at market close.
“high”The high price during the specified time period.
“low”The low price during the specified time period.
“volume”The volume during the specified time period.
“all”Returns all of the above.
Historical Google Finance Metrics

Real-time metricDescription
“price”Stock price. In real-time but with a delay of up to 20 minutes.
“priceopen”Opening price (price at market open).
“high”High price of the current day.
“low”Low price of the current day.
“volume”The trading volume of the current day.
“marketcap”The market capitalization of the stock.
“tradetime”The time of the last trade of the stock.
“datadelay”The delay time for the real-time data.
“volumeavg”The average daily trading volume.
“pe”Price-to-earnings ratio
“eps”Earnings per share
“high52”The highest price in the last 52 weeks.
“low52”The lowest price in the last 52 weeks.
“change”The stock price change since the end of yesterday’s trading.
“beta”The beta value
“changepct”The percentage change in price since the end of yesterday’s trading.
“closeyest”Yesterday’s closing price.
“shares”The number of shares outstanding.
“currency”The currency that the stock is priced in.
Real-time Google Finance Metrics

Start date (optional)

For historical data, the start date indicates the beginning period that you’d like to get the data from. It’s important to enter this in the date format “year, month, day”

End date (optional)

For historical data, this indicates the date you’d like the data to end. Similar to the start date the format should be “year, month, day”. However, a very useful feature is that you can indicate a number instead of the date for example 90 and the function will return the last 90 days of data.

Interval (optional)

For historical data, you have the option to select between getting "weekly" and "daily" data. So for example, if you want to get the historical stock close price, the data would indicate each day in the period you selected and the respective close price. On the other hand, if you want to get it on a weekly basis you would get a table that indicates the week and the close price.

Getting Real-time Data with the GoogleFinance Function

Once you know the metrics available it’s very easy to use the function. All you need is enter a stock symbol or ticker that you are interested in getting the data for and the metric you wish to retrieve from the real-time metric list.

For example, let's say that you want to get Apple’s current stock price. All you do is enter =GOOGLEFINANCE(“AAPL”, “PRICE”) in one of the cells of your spreadsheet and press enter.

It is important to know that the data refreshes automatically every 15 minutes and could be delayed up to 20 minutes.

Getting Historical Data with the GoogleFinance Function

Similar to the real-time data retrieval, you need the ticker of the company you are to analyze, select one of the available historical metrics from the list, and include the start date and end date you’d like to get the data for which can be either daily or weekly.

For example, to get Apple’s historical volume from July 1st to July 31 all you do is enter =GOOGLEFINANCE(“AAPL”, “VOLUME”, DATE(2021, 07,01), DATE(2021,07,31), “DAILY”):

Notes that apply for both functions:

For both getting real-time and historical data, it is important to keep in mind that capitalization and spacing do not matter for the ticker, metric, and interval but the spelling must be the same. This is because Google automatically turns all that text into lowercase and removes additional spaces.

Common errors

#REF GoogleFinance function error

A typical error you might encounter when using the function is the #REF error. This is a very simple error to fix. All you need to do is make sure that there is enough empty space below and beside the cell you are trying to get historical data for. Remember just because you are using the function on a single cell doesn’t mean only a number will be returned. Most often for historical data a table will be returned and you need to make sure you have enough space for it so that you don’t get this error.

Not dragging locking cells properly for the GoogleFinance function

The other big mistake users make is not locking their cells properly to get multiple stock data points at once. For this, you can reference cells and lock them using the $ sign and then drag the function across.

The proper way to lock the cells is as follows: Say you are working with cell A1, if you want to lock the cell column use $A1, if you want to lock the cell row use A$1 and if you want to lock both use $A$1.

Is the GoogleFinance function accurate?

The answer is for the most part yes, however google does not want to be liable for their data and states the following to Google Finance users “Google is not an investment adviser, financial adviser or a securities broker. […] Data is provided by financial exchanges and other content providers and may be delayed as specified by financial exchanges or other data providers. Google does not verify any data and disclaims any obligation to do so.”

Advanced use of the GoogleFinance function

Once you have a strong grasp of how the Google function works you can use it in many different ways to help with your investment analysis. Here are some of the most useful ways to use it:

Generate sparkline charts automatically

Using the GoogleFinance function and the sparkle function together is a great way to quickly visualize historic data.

Here is an example:

Google Finance Sparkline

Build a portfolio tracking spreadsheet

Tracking the current securities is very important to know how your portfolio is doing and enables you to prepare financially for taxation. With the function, you can quickly build a dashboard that allows you to see your biggest holdings, their returns, or losses in one single view.

Combining the GoogleFinance function and Wisesheets for all of your investment analysis needs

Two downsides of the GoogleFinance function are the lack of historical stock financials and real-time data. As you have learned GoogleFinance is amazing but it does also have its limitations. If you are serious about stock investing and you want to save hours manually copy-pasting stock data the best way to do it is to use GoogleFinance and Wisesheets together.

With Wisesheets you can get the company’s financials including the income statement, balance sheet, cash flow, and key metrics for 14 different exchanges with 20-year coverage quarterly or annually directly on your Excel or Google Sheets spreadsheet in one click by just entering the ticker.

Stock financials with Wisesheets

Or you can get the same information but only what you want using the =WISE() function. All you need is the company ticker, parameter, and the period (year, quarter, or TTM).

So for example you could get Apple’s revenue Q1 revenue for 2020 by using the function like this: 

=WISE(“AAPL”, “REVENUE”, 2020, “Q1”)

Using the GoogleFinance function and Wisesheets together you can create dynamic stock analysis models where you can just enter the ticker and get all the financial data you need immediately.

Wisesheets and Google Finance combined

You can get this template for free here. Keep in mind you will need a Wisesheets account which you can get here for free.

We hope this guide helps you take advantage of the GoogleFinance function and Wisesheets to make faster and better investments in the stock market.

To your investing success,

The Wisesheets Team

Guillermo Valles

Guillermo Valles

Hello! I'm a finance enthusiast who fell in love with the world of finance at 15, devouring Warren Buffet's books and streaming Berkshire Hathaway meetings like a true fan.

I started my career in the industry at one of Canada's largest REITs, where I honed my skills analyzing deals and learning the ropes.

My passion led me to the stock market, but I quickly found myself spending more time gathering data than analyzing companies. That's when my team and I created Wisesheets, a tool designed to automate the stock data gathering process, with the ultimate goal of helping anyone quickly find good investment opportunities.

Today, I juggle improving Wisesheets and tending to my stock portfolio, which I like to think of as a garden of assets and dividends. My journey from a finance-loving teenager to a tech entrepreneur has been a thrilling ride, full of surprises and lessons.

I'm excited for what's next and look forward to sharing my passion for finance and investing with others!

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